You need Tomcat 5.0 or later.
To install Jenkins on Tomcat, simply copy jenkins.war to $TOMCAT_HOME/webapps, then access http://yourhost/jenkins.
If you are running Tomcat just to host Jenkins, then remove everything from $TOMCAT_HOME/webapps, and place jenkins.war as ROOT.war (Same case is important). Tomcat should expand this and create the ROOT directory, and you should see Jenkins in http://yourhost (if you accepted the Tomcat defaults - http://yourhost:8080) without any additional path. This also works nicely when you set up a virtual host, as it allows a single Tomcat instance to run multiple applications, yet users can still access your jenkins with URLs like http://jenkins.acme.org/ without any additional path. See the Tomcat documentation for more about how to set up a virtual host.
Simply overwrite your jenkins.war with the new version. Tomcat should automatically redeploy the application.
Before starting Tomcat, set CATALINA_OPTS like this. This can be also used to specify JVM options to increase the heap size:
Or if that fails for some reason, you should still be able to use the environment variable:
Or in the Tomcat context descriptor of the servlet, which allows a different setting per servlet:
Tomcat by default stores the user database in an XML file called $TOMCAT_HOME/conf/tomcat-users.xml. You can add the following lines to this file to create an admin user.
Some versions of Tomcat (such as 5.0.28) uses iso-8859-1 to decode URLs, which is in a clear violation of the relevant RFCs. To fix this problem, add the following URIEncoding attribute to the connector definition in $TOMCAT_HOME/conf/server.xml.
Other people reported that a presence of RequestDumperValve would also cause a problem.
See the list of issues filed that are specifically marked relevant to Tomcat.
There is also a known issue in Tomcat 6.0.21 to 6.0.26 that may cause some requests to hang.
If you are using XAMPP's tomcat installation, and you have Java > 1.5, then you need to remove the following jars from the common\lib directory, otherwise you will get FileNotFound exceptions from the changelog.xml generator:
If you get Tomcat from Ubuntu via apt-get, Jenkins will report an error citing the security permission issue. This is because Tomcat in Ubuntu comes with the security manager on by default. This can be disabled by modifying /etc/default/tomcat5 (version number will be different depending on which version of Tomcat you install.) See issue #719 for more details.
Fix security issues adding the next lines at /etc/tomcat5.5/policy.d/04webapps.policy:
Set Jenkins home at file /etc/default/tomcat5.5:
Most Windows services -- including those run with the option "Allow service to interact with desktop" in Windows XP and Vista -- do not have access to many of the computer's resources, including the console display. This may cause Automated GUI Tests to fail if you are running Apache Tomcat as a Windows Service and are doing any GUI testing. This is true at least for AWT and Abbot frameworks. A typical error might look similar to this:
This limitation can be resolved by not running Tomcat as a Windows Service, but instead through a "Scheduled Task" as an Application that runs at logon. There are several options for doing this, an example would be to run "$TOMCAT_HOME\bin\tomcat5.exe". When setting up the scheduled task in Windows Vista consider choosing the check-box for "Run with highest privileges" from the general tab, as this removes the need to always provide administrator privileges and may resolve other issues as well.
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